Medical Marijuana Qualifying Conditions by State

While cannabis remains illegal at the federal level in the United States, states have been given the latitude to implement their own marijuana laws. A majority of states now permit the medicinal use of marijuana for a limited number of conditions; some limiting use to non-psychoactive CBD oil, and others allowing full-plant MMJ. A handful of these places – Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and the District of Columbia – have also voted to legalize adult cannabis use for recreation.

The qualifying conditions for medical marijuana vary between states. Some have a small, limited number of conditions that allow the drug, whereas in others the list is seemingly endless.

Here’s a list of the various conditions and symptoms that need to be verified by a doctor prior to obtaining medical cannabis. Some states also allow doctors to recommend cannabis for additional debilitating conditions on a case-by-case basis.

Alaska

To become a medical marijuana patient in Alaska, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

Arizona

Qualifying conditions for becoming a medical marijuana patient in Arizona include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • PTSD

California

It is easier to get medicinal cannabis in California than in any other state. Qualifying conditions for becoming a patient in the Golden State include:

  • Cancer
  • Anorexia
  • AIDS
  • Chronic pain
  • Cachexia
  • Persistent muscle spasms, including those associated with multiple sclerosis
  • Seizures, including, but not limited to, those associated with epilepsy
  • Severe nausea
  • Glaucoma
  • Arthritis
  • Migraines
  • Any other chronic or persistent medical symptom that substantially limits the ability of the person to conduct one or more major life activities (as defined by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990) or, if not alleviated, may cause serious harm to the patient’s safety or physical or mental health.

Colorado

Despite the fact that cannabis is legally available in Colorado for any use, the state still operates a medicinal marijuana system for valid patients. Medical patients in The Centennial State must pay the standard sales tax, but are exempt from the additional excise and state taxes that apply to recreational sales.

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Colorado include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Seizures
  • Severe nausea
  • Severe pain

 

Connecticut

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Connecticut must have one of the following conditions.

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity
  • Epilepsy
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Wasting syndrome
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Delaware

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Delaware include:

  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Intractable nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.)

Medical marijuana patients in D.C. must either have one of the listed conditions below, or another condition diagnosed as “debilitating” by a licensed physician.

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS)
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Decompensated cirrhosis
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Seizure disorders
  • Any condition diagnosed as “debilitating” by a licensed physician

Florida

Florida currently permits only the use of high CBD/low THC cannabis extracts, as well as a legal defense for the medicinal use of low-THC marijuana. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Severe, debilitating epileptic conditions

Georgia

Georgia’s medical cannabis laws permit only the use of oil that is low in THC (less than 5% THC). To become a medical marijuana patient, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS)
  • Seizure disorders related to diagnosis of epilepsy or trauma-related head injuries
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Mitochondrial disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Sickle cell disease

Hawaii

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Hawaii include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

Illinois

In Illinois, you can qualify for marijuana with any of the following conditions.

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS)
  • Arnold-Chiari malformation and Syringomyelia
  • Cachexia/wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Causalgia
  • Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy
  • Crohn’s disease
  • CRPS (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type I)
  • CRPS (Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type II)
  • Dystonia
  • Fibromyalgia (severe)
  • Fibrous dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Lupus
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Myoclonus
  • Nail-patella syndrome
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-concussion syndrome
  • Residual limb pain
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Seizures
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Spinal cord disease (including but not limited to arachnoiditis, Tarlov cysts, hydromyelia & syringomelia)
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA)
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI)

Iowa

Iowa allows only the use of high-CBD marijuana extracts with less than 0.3% THC. There is only one condition for which cannabis is recommended.

  • Intractable epilepsy

Kentucky

Kentucky permits the use of low-THC cannabis oil, but access is highly limited. Only those taking part in a clinical trial or expanded access program can legally possess it.

Louisiana

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Louisiana include:

  • Symptoms related to cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Spastic quadriplegia

Maine

To qualify for medical marijuana in Maine, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • Chronic pain that has not responded to conventional therapy for more than six months
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS)
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C (active form)
  • HIV
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS)
  • Seizure disorders
  • Severe muscle spasms (including multiple sclerosis and other diseases causing severe and persistent muscle spasms)
  • Severe nausea

Maryland

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Maryland must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe, debilitating, or chronic pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures, including those characteristic of epilepsy
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C

Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, the qualifying conditions for becoming a medical marijuana patient include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Other debilitating conditions as determined in writing by a qualifying patient’s certifying physician.

Michigan

To qualify as a medical cannabis patient in Michigan, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Alzheimer’s
  • Nail-patella syndrome
  • Cachexia (wasting disease)
  • Severe and chronic pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures
  • Epilepsy
  • Muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

Minnesota

Smoking cannabis is banned for medicinal purposes in Minnesota; patients can only receive a 30-day supply of edibles, oils or concentrates. You must have one of the following conditions to qualify:

  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Cancer
  • Cachexia
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Seizures
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Terminal illness
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Intractable pain*

*Recently recommended qualifying condition soon to be available for Minnesota patients.

Mississippi

Medical marijuana access in Mississippi is limited to non-intoxicating CBD oil. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Debilitating epileptic seizure disorders

Missouri

CBD oil is the only form of medical marijuana available to Missouri patients. To qualify for it, you must have the following condition:

  • Intractable epilepsy

Montana

Qualifying medicinal marijuana patients in Montana must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Chronic pain
  • Intractable nausea or vomiting
  • Epilepsy or an intractable seizure disorder
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Painful peripheral neuropathy
  • A central nervous system disorder resulting in chronic, painful spasticity or muscle spasms

Nevada

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Nevada include:

  • AIDS
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Condition or treatment for a medical condition that produces cachexia (general physical wasting and malnutrition)
  • Persistent muscle spasms (including multiple sclerosis)
  • Seizures (including epilepsy)
  • Severe nausea
  • Severe pain

New Hampshire

In New Hampshire, patients must have one of the following conditions to qualify for medical marijuana:

  • A chronic or terminal disease
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe pain
  • Severe nausea/vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Severe, persistent muscle spasms

New Jersey

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in New Jersey must have one of the following conditions:

  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Terminal cancer
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Terminal illness if the physician has determined a prognosis of less than 12 months of life
  • Seizure disorder, including epilepsy
  • Intractable skeletal muscular spasticity
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cancer

New Mexico

Qualifying conditions to for medical marijuana patients in New Mexico include:

  • Severe chronic pain
  • Painful peripheral neuropathy
  • Intractable nausea/vomiting
  • Severe anorexia
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Hepatitis C infection currently receiving antiviral treatment
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS)
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with intractable spasticity
  • Epilepsy
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis
  • Hospice patients

New York

Medical marijuana patients in New York must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • Epilepsy
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBS)
  • Lou Gehrig’s disease (ALS)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Neuropathies
  • Spinal cord damage

North Carolina

CBD oil is the only form of medical marijuana available in North Carolina. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Intractable epilepsy

Oklahoma

Medical marijuana patients in Oklahoma must be under the age of 18 and suffering from one of the following conditions.

  • Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
  • Dravet syndrome
  • Severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy
  • Any form of refractory epilepsy not treatable by traditional medical therapies

Oregon

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Oregon must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Alzheimer’s
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures, including but not limited to seizures caused by epilepsy
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis

Pennsylvania

The extensive list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Pennsylvania includes:

  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity
  • Epilepsy
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBS)
  • Neuropathies
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Intractable seizures
  • Glaucoma
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Severe, chronic or intractable pain of neuropathic origin or severe chronic or intractable pain in which conventional therapeutic intervention and opiate therapy is contraindicated or ineffective
  • Autism
  • “Terminally ill” – a medical prognosis or life expectancy of approximately one year or less if the illness runs its normal course.

Rhode Island

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Rhode Island include:

  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Chronic pain
  • Severe nausea
  • Seizures, including but not limited to those characteristic of epilepsy
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s

South Carolina

South Carolina permits only the use of CBD oil, and it is provided only in the following circumstances:

  • Certain forms of epilepsy as part of a state-run clinical trial

Tennessee

CBD oil is the only form of cannabis available to patients in Tennessee. Qualifying conditions for becoming a patient include:

  • Intractable seizures (as part of a clinical research study)

Texas

Texas is another state that allows only the use of CBD oil. Qualifying conditions for becoming a medical marijuana patient include:

  • Intractable epilepsy

Utah

CBD oil is the only cannabis preparation allowed in Utah. In order to qualify for it as a patient, you must have the following condition:

  • Intractable epilepsy

Vermont

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Vermont must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cancer
  • AIDS/HIV
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Cachexia (wasting syndrome)
  • Severe pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures

Washington

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Washington include the following:

  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Epilepsy or other seizure disorder
  • Spasticity disorders
  • Intractable pain
  • Glaucoma
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Hepatitis C
  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
  • Diseases, including anorexia, which result in nausea, vomiting, wasting, appetite loss, cramping, seizures, muscle spasms, or spasticity
  • Any “terminal or debilitating condition”

Wisconsin

Wisconsin limits medicinal cannabis use to non-psychoactive CBD oil. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Seizure disorders

Wyoming

Wyoming allows only the use of low-THC CBD oil. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Intractable epilepsy