Medical Marijuana Qualifying Conditions by State

While cannabis remains illegal at the federal level in the United States, states have been given the latitude to implement their own marijuana laws. A majority of states now permit the medicinal use of marijuana for a limited number of conditions; some limiting use to non-psychoactive CBD oil, and others allowing full-plant MMJ. A number of these places – Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska, the District of Columbia, California, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada and Vermont – have also voted to legalize adult cannabis use for recreational use.

The qualifying conditions for medical marijuana vary between states. Some have a small, limited number of conditions that allow the drug, whereas in others the list is seemingly endless.

Here’s a list of the various conditions and symptoms that need to be verified by a doctor prior to obtaining medical cannabis. Some states also allow doctors to recommend cannabis for additional debilitating conditions on a case-by-case basis.

Alaska

To become a medical marijuana patient in Alaska, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic Pain
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Nausea
  • Seizures

View Alaska’s state law page.

Arizona

Qualifying conditions for becoming a medical marijuana patient in Arizona include:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease)
  • Cachexia or wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Persistent Muscle Spasms
  • PTSD
  • Seizures

View Arizona’s state law page.

California

It is easier to get medicinal cannabis in California than in any other state. Qualifying conditions for becoming a patient in the Golden State include:

  • Anorexia
  • Arthritis
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic Pain
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Glaucoma
  • Migraine
  • Persistent Muscle Spasms
  • Severe Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Any debilitating illness where the medical use of marijuana has been “deemed appropriate and has been recommended by a physician”

View California’s state law page.

Colorado

Despite the fact that cannabis is legally available in Colorado for any use, the state still operates a medicinal marijuana system for valid patients. Medical patients in The Centennial State must pay the standard sales tax, but are exempt from the additional excise and state taxes that apply to recreational sales.

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Colorado include:

  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Chronic nervous system disorders
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Persistent Muscle Spasms
  • Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome
  • Seizures

View Colorado’s state law page.

Connecticut

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Connecticut must have one of the following conditions.

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Complex regional pain syndrome
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Cystic Fibrosis
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable spasticity
  • Irreversible Spinal Cord Injury with Objective Neurological Indication of Intractable Spasticity
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Post-surgical back pain with a condition called chronic radiculopathy
  • Post laminectomy syndrome
  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Severe psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Terminal Illness Requiring End-Of-Life Care
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Uncontrolled Intractable Seizure Disorder
  • Other medical conditions may be approved by the Department of Consumer Protection

View Connecticut’s state law page.

Delaware

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Delaware include:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Intractable epilepsy*
  • Nausea
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Seizures
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms

View Delaware’s state law page.

District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.)

Medical marijuana patients in D.C. must either have one of the listed conditions below, or another condition diagnosed as “debilitating” by a licensed physician.

  • Any debilitating condition as recommended by a DC licensed doctor

View DC’s state law page.

Florida

Florida currently permits only the use of high CBD/low THC cannabis extracts, as well as a legal defense for the medicinal use of low-THC marijuana. Qualifying conditions include:

  • ALS
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Chronic nonmalignant pain*
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • PTSD
  • Seizures
  • Terminal illness (patients diagnosed with no more than 12-months to live)
  • Other debilitating medical conditions comparable to those enumerated*Defined as “pain that is either caused by or originates from a qualifying medical condition”

View Florida’s state law page.

Georgia

Georgia’s medical cannabis laws permit only the use of CBD oil that is low in THC (less than 5% THC). To become a medical marijuana patient, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • AIDS
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Autism
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Hospice care patients
  • Intractable Pain
  • Mitochondrial disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress syndrome
  • Severe or end stage Peripheral neuropathy
  • Seizure disorder
  • Sickle cell disease
  • Tourette’s syndrome

View Georgia’s state law page.

Hawaii

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Hawaii include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Lupus
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Nausea
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Post traumatic stress
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Seizures

View Hawaii’s state law page.

Illinois

In Illinois, you can qualify for marijuana with any of the following conditions.

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Arnold Chiari malformation
  • Cachexia/wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Causalgia
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy
  • Complex regional pain syndrome type 2
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Dystonia
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Fibrous dysplasia
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hydromyelia
  • Interstitial Cystitis
  • Lupus
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Myoclonus
  • Nail patella syndrome
  • Neurofibromatosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress
  • Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Spinal cord disease
  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia (SCA)
  • Syringomyelia
  • Tarlov cysts
  • Tourette’s syndrome
  • Traumatic brain injury and post-concussion syndrome

View Illinois’ state law page.

Iowa

Iowa allows only the use of high-CBD marijuana extracts with less than 0.3% THC. There is only one condition for which cannabis is recommended.

  • AIDS/HIV
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Cancer
  • Cancer-related chronic pain, nausea, or cachexia
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Intractable epilepsy
  • Terminal illness
  • Untreatable pain

View Iowa’s state law page.

Kentucky

Kentucky permits the use of low-THC cannabis oil, but access is highly limited. Only those taking part in a clinical trial or expanded access program can legally possess it.

  • Intractable epilepsy

View Kentucky’s state law page.

Louisiana

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Louisiana include:

  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Cachexia/wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Intractable pain (defined as “pain so chronic or severe as to otherwise warrant an opiate prescription”)
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post traumatic stress disorder
  • Seizure disorders/spasticity
  • Severe muscle spasms

View Louisiana’s state law page.

Maine

To qualify for medical marijuana in Maine, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Cachexia or wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Nausea
  • Nail-patella syndrome
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Any condition for which a physician recommends cannabis therapy

View Maine’s state law page.

Maryland

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Maryland must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cachexia, Anorexia, or Wasting Syndrome
  • Chronic Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Severe or persistent muscle spasms

View Maryland’s state law page.

Massachusetts

In Massachusetts, the qualifying conditions for becoming a medical marijuana patient include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Hepatitis C
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Other conditions as determined in writing by a qualifying patient’s physician

View Massachusetts’ state law page.

Michigan

To qualify as a medical cannabis patient in Michigan, you must have one of the following conditions:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Arthritis
  • Austism
  • Cachexia or wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Colitis
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Hepatitis C
  • Nail patella
  • Nausea
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Parkinson’s
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Seizures
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Tourette’s syndrome
  • Ulcerative colitis

View Michigan’s state law page.

Minnesota

Smoking cannabis is banned for medicinal purposes in Minnesota; patients can only receive a 30-day supply of edibles, oils or concentrates. You must have one of the following conditions to qualify:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Autism
  • Cancer/cachexia
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Intractable pain
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Seizures
  • Severe and persistent muscle spasms
  • Sleep apnea
  • Terminal illness
  • Tourette’s Syndrome

View Minnesota’s state law page.

Mississippi

Medical marijuana access in Mississippi is limited to non-intoxicating CBD oil. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Debilitating epileptic seizure disorders

View Mississippi’s state law page.

Missouri

CBD oil is the only form of medical marijuana available to Missouri patients. To qualify for it, you must have the following condition:

  • Intractable epilepsy

View Missouri’s state law page.

Montana

Qualifying medicinal marijuana patients in Montana must have one of the following conditions:

  • Cachexia or wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Severe or persistent muscle spasms

View Montana’s state law page.

Nevada

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Nevada include:

  • AIDS
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Glaucoma
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Persistent muscle spasms or seizures
  • Severe nausea or pain
  • Other conditions are subject to approval

View Nevada’s state law page.

New Hampshire

In New Hampshire, patients must have one of the following conditions to qualify for medical marijuana:

  • ALS
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chemotherapy induced anorexia
  • Chronic Pain
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome
  • Elevated intraocular pressure
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C (currently receiving antiviral treatment)
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Lupus
  • Moderate to severe vomiting
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Nausea
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures
  • Severe pain (that has not responded to previously prescribed medication)
  • Spinal cord injury or disease
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Wasting syndrome

View New Hampshire’s state law page.

New Jersey

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in New Jersey must have one of the following conditions:

  • Addiction substitute therapy for opioid reduction*
  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Anxiety*
  • Cancer (includes associated chronic pain and/or severe nausea)
  • Chronic pain related to musculoskeletal disorders*
  • Chronic visceral pain*
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS (includes associated chronic pain and/or severe nausea)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Migraines*
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizure and/or spasticity disorders
  • Tourette’s syndrome*
  • Any terminal illness if a doctor has determined the patient will die within a year

New Mexico

Qualifying conditions to for medical marijuana patients in New Mexico include:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease)
  • Anorexia/cachexia
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Cervical dystonia
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Hospice patients
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Intractable nausea/vomiting
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Painful peripheral neuropathy
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Spinal cord damage

View New Mexico’s state law page.

New York

Medical marijuana patients in New York must have one of the following conditions:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Epilepsy
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Huntington’s Disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Neuropathies
  • Opioid substitution
  • Spinal cord damage

View New York’s state law page.

North Carolina

CBD oil is the only form of medical marijuana available in North Carolina. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Intractable epilepsy

View North Carolina’s state law page.

Oklahoma

The decision to recommend medical marijuana is solely up to the treating physician.

View Oklahoma’s state law page.

Oregon

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Oregon must have one of the following conditions:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Post-traumatic stress
  • Seizures
  • Other conditions are subject to approval

View Oregon’s state law page.

Pennsylvania

The extensive list of qualifying conditions for medical marijuana in Pennsylvania includes:

  • ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease)
  • Autism
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Dyskinetic/spastic movement disorders
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Intractable seizures
  • Intractable spasticity
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Opioid dependency
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Neuropathies
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Severe chronic or intractable pain
  • Terminal illness (defined as 12 months or fewer to live)

View Pennsylvania’s state law page.

Rhode Island

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Rhode Island include:

  • Alzheimer’s Disease
  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Chronic pain
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Nausea
  • Persistent muscle spasms
  • Post traumatic stress disorder
  • Seizures
  • Other conditions are subject to approval

View Rhode Island’s state law page

South Carolina

South Carolina permits only the use of CBD oil, and it is provided only in the following circumstances:

  • Dravet Syndrome
  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome
  • Refractory epilepsy

View South Carolina’s state law page.

Tennessee

CBD oil is the only form of cannabis available to patients in Tennessee. Qualifying conditions for becoming a patient include:

  • Intractable seizures

View Tennessee’s state law page.

Texas

Texas is another state that allows only the use of CBD oil. Qualifying conditions for becoming a medical marijuana patient include:

  • Intractable epilepsy

View Texas’ state law page.

Utah

CBD oil is the only cannabis preparation allowed in Utah. In order to qualify for it as a patient, you must have the following condition:

  • Intractable epilepsy
  • Terminally ill patients

View Utah’s state law page.

Vermont

Qualifying medical marijuana patients in Vermont must have one of the following conditions:

  • Any patient receiving hospice care
  • Cachexia or wasting syndrome
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease (effective July 1, 2017)
  • Glaucoma
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease (effective July 1, 2017)
  • PTSD (effective July 1, 2017)
  • Seizures
  • Severe or chronic pain
  • Severe nausea

View Vermont’s state law page.

Washington

Qualifying conditions for medical marijuana patients in Washington include the following:

  • Cachexia
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Glaucoma
  • Hepatitis C
  • HIV or AIDS
  • Intractable pain
  • Persistent muscle spasms, and/or spasticity
  • Nausea
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Seizures
  • Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Any “terminal or debilitating condition”

View Washington’s state law page.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin limits medicinal cannabis use to non-psychoactive CBD oil. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Seizure disorders
  •  Any “medical condition” for which a physician recommends it.

View Wisconsin’s state law page.

Wyoming

Wyoming allows only the use of low-THC CBD oil. Qualifying conditions include:

  • Intractable epilepsy

View Wyoming’s state law page.