Adult-use of marijuana was legalized in Arizona on Election Day 2020 with the passing of Proposition 207.
The Smart and Safe Arizona Act (SSAA) permits adults 21 to consume and possess marijuana recreationally. Arizona marijuana laws allow use for medical purposes, but the drug is prohibited for any other use, and penalties are harsh. Possession for recreation, unlicensed sale, unlicensed manufacture, and trafficking all are illegal, as are possession of paraphernalia and manufacture or possession of concentrates. Fines for every offense can be as much as $150,000.
Adults 21 and older can possess one ounce of marijuana and no more than 5 grams of concentrates.
Minors possessing less than one ounce could receive up to $100 in fines and be required to attend four hours of drug counseling.
Sale, Manufacture, and Trafficking
Any sale of marijuana in Arizona is a felony. Sale of fewer than two pounds is punishable by between one year and 45 months in prison, and a minimum fine of $1,000.
Sale of between two and four pounds is punishable by between two and 8.75 years in prison and a minimum fine of $1,000.
Sale of more than four pounds can draw a sentence of between three and 12.5 years in prison, plus between $1,000 and $150,000 in fines.
Adults 21 and older can cultivate up to six plants at their home.
Manufacture of less than two pounds carries a penalty of between six months in jail and 2.5 years in prison, along with the usual maximum $150,000 in fines.
Manufacturing between two and four pounds of cannabis comes with a penalty of between one year and 45 months incarceration, plus a fine. The sentence for manufacturing more than four pounds is between two and 8.75 years in prison and a fine.
Trafficking less than two pounds carries a minimum sentence of two years in prison and a maximum of 8.75, plus a minimum fine of $1,000.
Trafficking more than two pounds is punished by a minimum of three years in prison and a maximum of 12.5, as well as a minimum fine of $1,000.
Hash and Concentrates
Adults 21 years and older can possess no more than 5 grams of marijuana concentrates under the SSAA.
Manufacturing or transporting concentrates into the state in any amount comes with a penalty of between three and 12.5 years in prison, plus a fine.
Possession and distribution of marijuana paraphernalia is illegal under Arizona cannabis law. Paraphernalia includes any times intended for use with the cultivation, harvesting, manufacturing, processing, testing, analysis, or use of marijuana.
Use and possession. It is a class 6 felony to possess any paraphernalia in Arizona as long as it is intended for use with an illegal drug. Penalties for offenses are between four months in jail and two years in prison, and a fine.
Sale and distribution. It is likewise a class 6 felony for the sale and marketing of drug paraphernalia. Penalties include between four months in jail and two years in prison and a fine.
Arizona medical marijuana laws allow registered qualifying patients to obtain, use, and possess cannabis to treat their conditions. Patients must have a physician’s written certification that they have been diagnosed with a debilitating condition and would likely benefit from the use of marijuana.
Qualifying conditions – Alzheimer’s Disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease), Cachexia or wasting syndrome, Cancer, Chronic pain, Crohn’s Disease, Glaucoma, Hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, Nausea, Persistent Muscle Spasms, PTSD, and Seizures.
Patient possession limits – Under Arizona marijuana laws, patients are allowed to possess two and a half ounces of usable marijuana
Home cultivation – Yes, if the residence is further than 25 miles from a licensed dispensary. No more than twelve cannabis plants are allowed in an “enclosed, locked facility.”
State-licensed dispensaries – Yes, state-licensed dispensaries may produce and dispense cannabis to qualifying patients on a not-for-profit basis.
Caregivers – Yes
Reciprocity – Yes, the act defines a ‘visiting qualifying patient’ as a person ‘who has been diagnosed with a debilitating medical condition by a person who is licensed with authority to prescribe drugs to humans in the state of the person’s residence.’
|Less than 2 lbs||Felony||4 months – 2 years||$ 150,000|
|2 – less than 4 lbs||Felony||6 months – 2.5 years||$ 150,000|
|4 lbs or more||Felony||1 – 3.75 years||$ 150,000|
|Less than 2 lbs||Felony||1 – 3.75 years||$ 150,000|
|2 – 4 lbs||Felony||2 – 8.75 years||$ 150,000|
|More than 4 lbs||Felony||3 – 12.5 years||$ 150,000|
|Less than 2 lbs||Felony||6 months – 2.5 years||$ 150,000|
|2 – 4 lbs||Felony||1 – 3.75 years||$ 150,000|
|More than 4 lbs||Felony||2 – 8.75 years||$ 150,000|
|Less than 2 lbs||Felony||2 – 8.75 years||$ 150,000|
|2 lbs or more||Felony||3 – 12.5 years||$ 150,000|
Hash & Concentrates
|Possession or Use||Felony||1 – 3.75 years||$ 150,000|
|Manufacture, Sale, or Trafficking||Felony||3 – 12.5 years||$ 150,000|
|Possession or advertising of paraphernalia||Felony||4 months – 2 years||$ 150,000|
|Employing a minor in the commission of a drug offense, being convicted of a prior felony, or committing a drug offense in a school zone, lead to an increased sentence.|