Monday, September 28, 2020
Home Marijuana Laws by State Maryland Marijuana Laws

Maryland Marijuana Laws

While marijuana has not yet been fully legalized in Maryland, the state has enacted medical marijuana laws, and small amounts of personal possession are decriminalized.

Maryland Marijuana Attorneys

The following Maryland lawyers are actively involved in the practice of cannabis law:


Marijuana is legal in Maryland for medical use, while simple possession for recreational use is decriminalized. Only moderate civil fines apply for possession of small amounts, but the weight limits are low and more serious offenses come with substantial penalties.


Possession of 10 grams of marijuana or less is decriminalized in Maryland and is subject to a civil fine of no more than $100. But possession of larger amounts is a crime. If the weight is between 10 grams and 50 pounds, the maximum penalty is one year in jail and $1,000 in fines. Possessing more than 50 pounds is punishable by a mandatory minimum of five years in prison and $100,000 in fines.

Possession of any amount of marijuana with intent to deliver it is a felony. If the amount is less than 50 pounds, the maximum penalty is five years in prison and $15,000. The penalties are the same with weights greater than 50 pounds, except that a mandatory minimum prison sentence of five years is imposed.

Maryland has a so-called “drug kingpin” statute that penalizes certain high-volume traffickers with at least 20 years in prison and as many as 40, plus up to $1 million in fines.

Possession with intent carries enhanced penalties when it occurs in a school vehicle or within 1,000 feet of an elementary or secondary school. The maximum penalty is 20 years in prison and $20,000 in fines. For subsequent offenses, there is a mandactory minimum of five years in prison, a maximum of 40, and up to $40,000 in fines.

Any involvement of a minor can result in up to 20 years in prison and $20,000 in fines.


It is a felony to traffic marijuana in Maryland, and any cannabis offense involving five or more kilograms is considered trafficking. If the amount is between five and 45 kilograms, the top penalty is 10 years in prison plus $10,000 in fines.

For amounts greater than 45 kilograms, the top trafficking penalty is 25 years in prison and $50,000 in fines. A sentence of at least five years in prison and as many as 20 applies for trafficking while in possession of a firearm.


Cultivation of cannabis is treated under simple possession laws. The same weight limits and penalties apply.

Hash and Concentrates

The same penalties and weight limits that apply to traditional marijuana flower also apply to hashish, hash oil, and other cannabis concentrates.


Possession of marijuana paraphernalia is a civil offense in Maryland, but any sale or advertising are illegal unless intended, marketed, and used only for legal purposes. Paraphernalia includes all drug-related items, including objects used in the cultivation, harvesting, storage, testing, analysis, concealment or use of marijuana.

Possession and use. Possession of paraphernalia is a civil offense.

Sale and distribution. It is a misdemeanor to sell paraphernalia. A first offense is subject to a maximum $500 fine, while subsequent offenses are punishable by as much as two years behind bars and $2,000 in fines. Advertising the distribution of paraphernalia, also a misdemeanor, also carries a maximum sentence of two years in prison and $2,000.

Sale to a minor. Selling cannabis paraphernalia to a minor at least three years younger than the seller is likewise a misdemeanor, punishable by up to eight years in prison and $15,000.


Maryland introduced a medical marijuana law in 2013 which required hospitals to learn how to get involved in the distribution of cannabis. Unsurprisingly, no hospitals did so, so a new law was enacted in 2014 allowing dispensaries and growers to provide medical marijuana to registered patients who have received a written recommendation from their physician.

Qualifying conditions

  • Cachexia, Anorexia, or Wasting Syndrome
  • Chronic Pain
  • Nausea
  • Seizures
  • Severe or persistent muscle spasms

Patient possession limits – 30-day supply. Edible cannabis products are not permitted.

Home cultivation – No

State-licensed dispensaries – Yes

Caregivers – Yes

Reciprocity – No


Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine


Personal Use

Less than 10 g Civil Offense None $ 100
10g – less than 50 lbs Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
50 lbs or more Felony 5 years* $ 100,000
Offenses involving the use of marijuana in public carries a civil fine of up to $500
Increased fines for subsequent offenders

With intent to distribute

Less than 50 lbs Felony 5 years $ 15,000
50 lbs or more** Felony 5 years* $ 15,000
More than 50 lbs (drug kingpin) Felony 20* – 40 years $ 1,000,000
In a school vehicle, or in, on, or within 1000 feet of an elementary or secondary school Felony 20 years $ 20,000
Subsequent violation Felony 5* – 40 years $ 40,000
Involving a minor Felony 20 years $ 20,000
* Mandatory minimum sentence
** Subsequent offense carries a mandatory minimum sentence of 2 years


More than 5 – less than 45 kg Felony 10 years $ 10,000
45 kg or more Felony 25 years $ 50,000
In possession of a firearm while trafficking Felony 5* – 20 years N/A
* Mandatory minimum sentence


See Possession section for details.

Hash & Concentrates

Penalties for hashish are the same as for marijuana. Please see the marijuana penalties section for further details.


Possession of drug paraphernalia Civil Offense None $ 0
Sale/Advertising distribution of drug paraphernalia Misdemeanor None $ 500
Subsequent violation Misdemeanor 2 years $ 2,000
Selling to a minor who is at least 3 years younger Misdemeanor 8 years $ 15,000
Possession/Sale controlled paraphernalia Misdemeanor 1 year $ 1,000
Paraphernalia includes all equipment and materials used in the use, manufacture, or distribution of marijuana.