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West Virginia Marijuana Laws

West Virginia marijuana laws allow medical use of the drug, while recreational use is illegal. Residents of The Mountain State should protect themselves by getting clued up on the local laws; even simple possession can come with jail time.

West Virginia Marijuana Attorneys

The following West Virginia lawyers are actively involved in the practice of cannabis law:


West Virginia cannabis law only allows marijuana for medicinal uses. The drug is not decriminalized, so all other offenses are criminal. Nonetheless, penalties are relatively forgiving.


It is a misdemeanor in West Virginia to possess any amount of marijuana for any use. A mandatory minimum penalty of 90 days in jail applies, as does a maximum of six months and a top fine of $1,000.

Sale or Distribution

Sale or distribution of any amount of cannabis is a felony in West Virginia and is punishable by at least one year in jail, as many as five years in prison, and up to $15,000 in fines. Transporting the drug into the state is also a felony and carries similar penalties.

A mandatory minimum sentence of two years in prison is imposed for sale or distribution to a minor or within 1,000 feet of a school. Sale and distribution penalties also apply to possession with intent to distribute.


Cultivation is treated as possession in West Virginia. The same weight limits and penalties apply.

Hash and Concentrates

Hashish, hash oil, and other marijuana concentrates are treated the same as regular bud under West Virginia marijuana law. The same weight limits and penalties apply.


Marijuana paraphernalia is barred by statute in West Virginia unless it’s intended, marketed, and used solely for legal purposes. Paraphernalia includes any items used in the cultivation, harvesting, processing, testing, analysis, storage, or consumption of marijuana.

It is a misdemeanor to commit any offense that involves all or part of an illegal drug paraphernalia business, a crime punishable by a minimum of six months in jail, a maximum of one year, and a top fine of $5,000.


Attempting to adulterate a drug test is a misdemeanor in West Virginia and comes with a top penalty of one year in jail and $10,000 in fines. Conviction of a felony committed with the use of a motor vehicle will lead to permanent revocation of driving privileges.


A comprehensive medical marijuana law has been signed in by Gov. Jim Justice, although the new program is not yet operational. The Bureau of Public Health will begin to issue marijuana patient ID cards on July 1, 2019.

Qualifying conditions –

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Huntington’s disease
  • Intractable seizures
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuropathies (chronic nerve pain)
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Severe chronic or intractable pain
  • Spinal cord damage
  • Sickle cell anemia.
  • Terminally illness

Patient possession limits – Patients are allowed to possess a “30 day supply” of cannabis-infused products, but further specifics are not yet available. Patients are not permitted to possess marijuana flower and must instead obtain marijuana-infused preparations in the form of oils, tinctures, pills, topicals or patches.

Home cultivation – No

State-licensed dispensaries – Yes, but they are not yet operational (until 2019)

Caregivers – Yes. A qualified medical marijuana patient may designate no more than two caregivers. Each caregiver can serve a maximum of five patients at any one time.


The below table breaks down the potential penalties under West Virginia cannabis law.

Offense Penalty Incarceration   Max. Fine


Any amount Misdemeanor 90 days – 6 months $ 1,000

Sale or Distribution

Any amount Felony 1* – 5 years $ 15,000
Trafficking marijuana into WV Felony 1* – 5 years $ 15,000
To a minor or within 1000 ft of a school Felony 2 years* N/A
Includes possession with intent to distribute
* Mandatory minimum sentence


See Possession and Sale sections for details.

Hash & Concentrates

Penalties for hashish are the same as for marijuana. Please see the marijuana penalties section for further details.


Involving all or part of an illegal drug paraphernalia business Misdemeanor 6 months* – 1 year $ 5,000
* Mandatory minimum sentence

Civil Asset Forfeiture

Everything involved in the production and transportation processes of controlled substances are liable to be forfeited.


Attempts to adulterate drug screening test Misdemeanor 0 – 1 year $ 10,000
Mandatory driver’s license revocation for any felony offense when a motor vehicle is used in its commission.